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Base oil evolution

By Dr. Mathias Woydt, Dr. Raj Shah and John Calderon Annual global consumption of finished lubricants in the last decade ranged between 38-42 million tons and is expected to reach ~48 million tons by 2035.[1] However, climate change, sustainability concerns and the pursuit of higher performance by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are resulting in greater…

Extreme pressure additives increasingly important in metalworking fluids

Extreme pressure (EP) additives react with metal surfaces to form a solid protective layer and reduce friction in severe metalworking conditions. EP additives can include soap esters, polymeric esters, chlorinated paraffins, organo phosphorus and sulphur. Thermally activated, the primary distinction between chemistries is their different activation temperatures as metalworking fluids (MWF) can be exposed to…

Beyond the limits of human ability

The Japanese Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA) is a non-profit industry association comprising Japan’s 14 manufacturers of passenger cars, trucks, buses, and motorcycles. In early 2018, JAMA released its mid- and long-term mobility vision. The vision reaffirmed the role automobiles play in enhancing people’s lives and identifies priority mobility issues to achieve future mobility in an…

Australia considers move to Euro 6/VI

Australia first implemented noxious emissions standards for light petrol vehicles in the early 1970s to restrain vehicle pollutants. Regulation on diesel vehicles was established in the mid-1990s as diesel vehicles steadily gained acceptance with private buyers. Australian Design Rules (ADRs) dictate the minimum requirements for vehicle safety, environmental performance, and anti-theft protection for light passenger…

A day of reckoning

There is increasing pressure on large oil companies to pledge to eliminate emissions. Some oil majors are making strategic moves to respond; however, deal-making remains difficult in the current economic climate. Inside this issue of F+L Magazine, we analyse how big oil companies are navigating the tension between traditional and emerging business lines as they…

A day of reckoning

There is increasing pressure on large oil companies to pledge to eliminate emissions. Some oil majors are making strategic moves to respond; however, deal-making remains difficult in the current economic climate. Inside this issue of F+L Magazine, we analyse how big oil companies are navigating the tension between traditional and emerging business lines as they…

Oil as a service

Industry 4.0 is the fourth revolution in manufacturing. We are in the midst of a significant transformation of global industry that is blurring the boundaries between the physical and digital worlds. Technology is rapidly changing the businesses we are in, with this shift being reflected in new business models. Traditional OEM and end-user business models…